How To Change Engine Oil & Filter
This tutorial will walk you through the process of changing the engine oil on the Fiat 124 Spider. I had initially intended to supplement stevet's tutorial on changing the engine oil, but ultimately decided there were some pictures missing that I wanted included, some unnecessary steps, and that it would be easier to create my own tutorial than to rewrite his. Since writing this tutorial, I've moved to a top-down oil change method using one of the options available on Amazon. I find it far easier on this car and quicker as well.
- Ft-lb torque wrench (Available on Amazon)
- 27mm socket socket (1-1/8" also works)
- 12mm & 13mm sockets & Ratchet
- A few shop towels or rags
- A drain pan
- A socket extension (I used a 10")
- Your favorite oil filter (I prefer Wix, and used the Wix 57341 filter)
- 4 quarts of a 5W-40 synthetic oil meeting MS-12991 specifications. I chose AMSOIL 5W-40 Classic ESP. Whatever you use, I recommend ordering an extra quart to top off with, since these engines tend to consume a bit of oil.
1. Position the car so that you can get under it, but also so that it is level. In my case, I have an inclined driveway, so I simply drove it up on ramps. Once underneath, remove the 12mm bolts marked in red below (8). Loosen the bolt marked in blue about halfway; this will make it easier to line up the pan when you pit it back on.
2. Positioning the drain pan appropriately, use at 13mm socket to remove the drain plug. Drain plug is shown below, facing the passenger (in the USA) side of the car, toward the front of the car.
3. Moving into the engine bay, you'll be removing the purge valve solenoid wiring connector. Simply slide the yellow tab down with your fingernail or a flathead screwdriver, and push the tab in the middle. Move the wire out of the way.
4. Use a 27mm or 1-1/8" socket on a 10" extension to loosen the oil cap.
5. Allow the cap to rest on its edge for a few minutes to allow any oil to drip out of the filter.
Tutorial will be continued in the next post.
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